大不列颠及英格兰联合王国FCA公布有关加密货币

来源:http://www.szfdshop.com 作者:股票基金 人气:57 发布时间:2019-12-06
摘要:FCA是大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国的金融行为管理局,它近期提出了一份新的规范文件,其中详细阐述了一套关于加密货币的新指南。FCA还解释了它如何寻求在其管辖范围内规范加密货

FCA是大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国的金融行为管理局,它近期提出了一份新的规范文件,其中详细阐述了一套关于加密货币的新指南。FCA还解释了它如何寻求在其管辖范围内规范加密货币的使用。

英国金融市场行为监管局(FCA)周三发布了一份关于加密货币的咨询文件,澄清了其对该行业的监管范围。

金融监管机构已发布咨询文件,以解释为指导不受管制和受监管的令牌等资产的使用而制定的规则。此类资产还包括被归类为证券型代币。该论文的主要关注点是制定路线图,解释FCA计划如何在不久的将来描述其在加密行业中的作用。它还概述了加密公司未来几个月的义务。

这份名为《加密货币指南》的咨询文件是今年一月发布的类似文件的最新版本,基于FCA此前收到的92份业内反馈意见。

该文件中强调的一个关键领域是欧盟第五次反洗钱指令的极端重要性。考虑到该指令将对英国境内所有加密公司和组织的运营产生重大影响。尽管英国脱欧,英国仍将受到类似区域规则的影响。

该文件“旨在让市场参与者和利益相关者清楚了解FCA监管范围内的加密资产类型,以及由此产生的企业义务和消费者监管保护”。

预计反洗钱规则可能会使现有的“了解您的客户”规则加倍。这将涉及对加密货币交易所和其他类似组织的客户活动报告的更严格要求。这将涉及对可以以加密交易形式转手的最大金额的限制,而不会引起监管关注和监督。

该文件中指出:“加密资产市场及其背后的分布式账本技术(DLT)正在迅速发展,因此参与者需要清楚地知道,他们进行的哪些活动属于我们的监管范围,并且需要我们的授权。”

新的FCA咨询文件紧随FATF关于加密规则的指导方针,并代表了在监管监督范围内引入加密的日益增长的趋势需求。

新指南详细说明了加密货币公司在监管框架内操作的要求和权限。

有趣的是,该文件澄清了像比特币和以太坊这样的交易资产,它们恰好是市场上领先的加密货币,不会受到FCA的监管。由于比特币和以太坊“通常是分散的,主要用作交换手段”,因此只有令牌和证券将面临更高的控制和监管。

它进一步强调了加密资产市场参与者将如何受到欧盟第五项反洗钱指令(5AMLD)的影响。

UK’s FCA Releases Consultation Paper Regarding Crypto Guidelines

文件中还阐明了加密资产的分类,以帮助市场参与者更好地理解这些代币是否在FCA的监管范围之内。

The FCA, which is the Financial Conduct Authority of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, has come out with a new consultation paper, in which it elaborates upon a fresh set of guidelines with respect to cryptocurrencies. The FCA has also explained how it seeks to go about regulating the use of cryptocurrencies under its jurisdiction.

本月早些时候,FCA提出了一项计划,禁止向零售客户销售所有加密衍生品和交易所交易票据(ETN),理由是这些投资工具“不适合”无法了解产品相关价值和风险的零售投资者。

The financial regulator has released the consultation paper in order to explain the rules that have been put in place to guide the usage of assets like unregulated and regulated tokens. Such assets would also include the tokens that are classified as securities. The primary concern of the paper was with the laying down a roadmap to explain how FCA plans to delineate its role within the crypto industry in the near future. It also outlined the obligations of crypto firms for the coming months.

A key area that was emphasized upon in the paper was the immense importance of the EU Fifth Anti Money Laundering Directive. Considering that this directive would substantially impact the operations of all crypto firms and organizations within the UK. Despite Brexit, the UK will still be expected to play by similar regional rules.

It is expected that the Anti Money Laundering (AML) rules will possibly double down on existing Know Your Customer (KYC) rules. This will involve a more stringent requirement for reporting of customer activity across cryptocurrency exchanges and other similar organisations. This would involve the introduction of a limit on the maximum sum that can change hands in the form of crypto transactions without attracting regulatory attention and monitoring.

The new FCA consultation paper comes in the heels of the FATF guidelines for crypto regulations and represents an increasing trend of bringing crypto under the ambit of regulatory surveillance.

Interestingly, the paper clarified that exchange assets like Bitcoin and Ethereum, which happen to be leading cryptocurrencies in the market, will not be regulated by the FCA. Only tokens and securities will face heightened control as Bitcoin and Ethereum are “usually decentralized and primarily used as a means of exchange.”

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编译:海阔天空

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